Author : 1 I. O. Isah,2 A. Ndanusa, 3 R. Muhammad, 4 K. A. Al-Mustapha

Techniques and analyses of multigrid method for solving elliptic partial differential equations (PDEs) in two dimensions are presented. The focal point of this paper is the applicability of the parametric reaccelerated overrelaxation (PROR) iterative method as a smoother in multigrid solution of elliptic PDEs. The two-dimensional Poisson equation on a unit square domain with Dirichlet boundary conditions is adopted as the model PDE. We present some practical formulae and techniques for building the various multigrid components using Kronecker tensor product of matrices. In addition, we carryout smoothing analysis of the PROR method using Local Fourier Analysis (LFA) and show how optimal relaxation parameters and smoothing factors can be obtained from analytic formulae derived to ensure better convergence. This analysis combines full standard coarsening strategy (doubling) and second order finite difference scheme. The result of PROR smoothing factors in comparison with those of other widely used smoothers is also presented. Results obtained from numerical experiment are displayed and compared with theoretical results.
Affiliation : 1 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Prince AbubakarAudu University, Anyigba, Nigeria) 2,3 (Department of Mathematics, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria) 4 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Baze University, Abuja, Nigeria)
Keywords : Multigrid, elliptic PDEs, Poisson equation, coarsening strategy, point-smoothing, smoothing factor, local Fourier analysis.
Date : Friday ,30 ,December ,2022

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